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老舍的代表作

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老舍的代表作

老舍,中国小说家、剧作家。生于1899年,卒于1966年,满族,祖籍北京。原名舒庆春,字舍予。老舍是他最常用的笔名。


老舍的主要作品有:长篇小说《骆驼祥子》、《赵子日》、《老张的哲学》、《四世同堂》、《二马》、《小坡的生日》、《离婚》、《猫城记》、《正红旗下》,剧本《残雾》、《方珍珠》、《面子问题》、《龙须沟》、《春华秋实》、《青年突击队》、《戏剧集》、《柳树井》、《女店员》、《全家福》、《茶馆》,报告文学《无名高地有了名》,中篇小说《月牙儿》、《我这一辈子》、《出口成章》,短篇小说集《赶集》、《樱海集》、《蛤藻集》、《火车集》、《贫血集》及作品集《老舍文集》(16卷)等。

他于1918年毕业于北京师范学校,担任过小学校长、郊外北区劝学员等职。五四新文化运动掀起的民主、科学、个性解放的思潮,把他从“兢兢业业办小学,恭恭顺顺地侍奉老母,规规矩矩地结婚生子”的人生信条中惊醒;文学革命的勃兴,又使他“醉心新文艺”,由此开始生命和事业的新起点。
He graduated from the Beijing normal school in 1918, served as the primary school principal, the outskirts of North District advise students. Set off the new culture movement of the May Fourth Movement of democracy, science, and individuality liberation thoughts, the awakened he from "conscientiously do elementary school, Gong Gong Shun Shun to serve mother, prim married life creed; vigorous growth of the revolutionary literature, and he was" obsessed with new art ", the start new starting point of life and career.
1924年,老舍赴英国伦敦大学东方学院讲授汉语和中国文学。自1925年起,陆续写了3部长篇小说:《老张的哲学》对乌烟瘴气的教育界作了生动的揭露;《赵子曰》的鞭挞锋芒指向以新派自诩其实醉生梦死的青年学生;《二马》的主人公是旅居英国的北京人,讽刺的仍是在封建的小生产的社会土壤里培植出来的“出窝儿老”的畸形心态——都以清脆的北京口语,俏皮的幽默笔墨,渲染北京的民俗风情,通过闭塞守旧、苟且偷安的民族心理的剖析,申述对于祖国命运的忧虑,显示出与众不同的艺术个性和思想视角。3部作品陆续在《小说月报》上连载后,引起文坛的注目。1926年老舍加入文学研究会。1929年夏,绕道欧、亚回国。在新加坡逗留期间,为当地高涨的民族解放要求所鼓舞,创作反映被压迫民族觉醒的中篇童话《小坡的生日》。1930年7月起,到济南齐鲁大学任教。1934年秋,改任青岛山东大学教授。在这两所大学,相继开设文学概论、外国文学史、欧洲文艺思潮、小说作法等课程。课余继续从事创作。沿袭原来的艺术取向的,有长篇小说《离婚》和《牛天赐传》等,都写得富有生活情趣和喜剧效果。比之早期作品,描写从浅露趋向含蓄,相当圆熟地形成他作为幽默作家、北京人情世态的风俗画师、市民社会的表现者和批判者独特的艺术风格。面对愈来愈严酷的社会现实,创作出现两种新的趋势:一是日益关切国家大事,由此触发写作的灵感,如受到日本侵略者制造的五三惨案的刺激,写了《大明湖》,九一八事变引起他“对国事的失望”,遂有寓言小说《猫城记》的问世;一是更加关怀城市贫民的苦难,以此作为主要描写对象,《月牙儿》叙述母女两代沦为暗娼,《我这一辈子》诉说下级警察的坎坷经历。在《骆驼祥子》中,以农村来到城市拉车的祥子个人的毁灭,写出一场沉痛的社会悲剧。把城市底层暗无天日的生活引进现代文学的艺术世界,是老舍的一大建树。
In 1924, Lao She went to the Oriental Institute of University of London to teach Chinese and Chinese literature. Since 1925, has written 3 Novels: "education" of Zhang's philosophy gives a vivid The atmosphere was foul. revealed; "Zhao Ziyue" was directed at the lash to the new claim in fact dreaming of young students; "horse" the hero is in British Beijing, the irony is still cultivated in feudal the small social production in the soil "nest old" mentality -- in order to clear the deformity of Beijing dialect, witty humor text, rendering the custom of Beijing, through the national psychology in conservative and occlusion analysis, for the fate of the motherland representations concerns, show out of the ordinary art personality and thought angle of view. The 3 works have been serialized in "fiction" after, attracted the attention of. Lao she joined the Literary Research Association in 1926. In the summer of 1929, a detour to Europe, Asia and asia. During his stay in Singapore, the local growing national liberation required encouraged, the creation reflects the awakening of the oppressed nation medium length fairy tale, "small slope's birthday." Since July 1930, to Ji'nan Qilu university to teach. The autumn of 1934, became a professor at the Shandong University in Qingdao. In these two universities, the introduction of literature, the history of foreign literature, European literature and art trends, such as the novel approach. After school to continue to engage in creative writing. Follows the original artistic orientation, has the novel "divorce" and "Niu Tianci biography" and so on, all writes the rich life interest and the comedy effect. The ratio of early works, describing the best tends to the implicit, quite round him as a humorist, Beijing social custom painter, civil society and criticized the unique artistic style formation. Face is getting more and more harsh social reality, to create two new trends: one is of growing concern about the affairs of state, triggered the inspiration of writing, such as by the Japanese invaders made fifty-three massacre of stimulation, wrote the Daming Lake ", the September 18th Incident caused him" on state of disappointment ", hence is the advent of allegory" cat country "; one is more concerned about the sufferings of the urban poor, this as the main object of description, the" crescent moon "narrative between mother and daughter become prostitutes." I this all one's life "tell the junior officers experienced the ups and downs. In "camel Xiangzi", Xiangzi came to the city with rural person pull destruction, write a painful social tragedy. The bottom of the city life introduction of modern literature complete darkness in the art world, is a great contribution of Lao she.
《骆驼祥子》是他个人也是中国现代文学史的重要作品。他从30年代初起 ,开始写作短篇小说 ,作品收入《赶集》、《樱海集》、《蛤藻集》等。其中如《柳家大院》、《上
Camel Xiangzi is one of the important works of his personal history of modern Chinese literature. He is from the early 30's, began writing short stories, "fair", "work income", "Sakura sea clam algae set" etc.. Among them, such as "Liu Jia compound", "on
任》、《老字号》、《断魂枪》诸篇,绰约多姿,精致完整,是不可多得的佳作。
Ren "," time-honored "," gun "various articles, exquisite integrity, is charmingly delicate, rare masterpiece.

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