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陶渊明代表作

来源:英文翻译器 作者:翻译器 时间:2016-01-17 阅读:

陶渊明代表作
Tao Yuanming representative works
陶渊明(约365 427),东晋文学家。字符亮,一说名潜,字渊明,号靖节先生。浔阳柴桑(今江西九江)人。出生于没落的仕宦家庭,29岁时双亲相继过世,家道中落。曾任江州祭酒,但由于忍受不了俗吏事务,不久便自动辞归,躬耕自给。以后又屡官屡辞。晋安帝义熙元年(405),出仕彭泽令,仅80余日,因不愿为五斗米折腰而去职。从此远离官场,长归田园,至死未仕。陶渊明工诗能文,尤以诗著。有《陶渊明集》传世。陶渊明代表作
Tao Yuanming (about 365427), the Eastern Jin Dynasty writer. Character bright, said a latent, Zu Aki, Mr. Jing. Chisan Xunyang (now Jiangxi Jiujiang) people. Was born in the family of declining official at the age of 29, parents have died, The family is in straitened circumstances. Former Jiangzhou Jijiu, but due to bear custom officials affairs, soon resigned automatically, Gonggeng self. After repeated official resignation. The first year of Jin hee (405), primitive security official Peng Zeling, only more than 80 days, but not for a handout for resignation. Stay away from officialdom, long Gui Garden, death is not official. Tao Yuanming the poetry text, especially poetry. A "Tao set" handed down.
《陶渊明集》收录诗文辞赋等作品共l42篇,以诗歌为主。陶诗以五言诗为佳,可大略分为两大类:一类是继承汉魏传统的咏怀诗;一类是几乎很少先例的田园诗。其咏怀诗内容丰富,有中年游宦在外的行旅诗,有晚年归田以后写的《杂诗》、《饮酒》、《咏贫士》等抒情言志之作。其田园诗包括中年出仕时期的《怀古田舍》、《劝农》,以及晚年归田时期的《归园田居》、《桃花源诗并记》等。
"Tao" in the collection of poetry and fu works such as l42, to poetry. Tao poem to poem with five characters to a line is better can be roughly divided into two categories: a class is inherited Han tradition of lyric poetry; a class is almost a pioneer example of pastoral poetry. His lyric poems are rich in content, middle-aged classical in the Xinglv poem, later Guitian later wrote "Miscellaneous Poems", "drink", "Ode to the poor scholars" lyrical the. The pastoral poetry includes a period of middle-aged Chushi "nostalgic farmhouse", "advised farmers", and later Guitian period "Sonoda", "peach blossom poem and story".
陶诗艺术成就很高,继承了汉魏以来五言古诗的艺术传统,以质朴、精炼的语言和“白描”手法,形成淡远淳厚的意境,具有平淡自然、韵味隽永的独特风格。陶诗开我国田园诗的先河,对唐以后的诗歌创作影响极大。
Tao poem artistic achievement is very high, inherited the Han and Wei dynasties five character poetry art tradition, to simple and concise language and "Baimiao" technique, the formation of apprehension and honest mood, with a unique style of plain natural and timeless charm. Tao's poem opens the first of our country's pastoral poetry, which has great influence on the poetry creation after the Tang Dynasty.
陶渊明的散文、辞赋也很出色,其中不乏名篇佳作,如《桃花源记》、《归去来兮辞》、《闲情赋》、《五柳先生传》等,文约意丰,飘逸出尘,一直为人们所传诵。
Tao Yuanming's prose, poetry is also very good, many of whom are masterpieces, such as "Peach Blossom Spring", "Chosun", ode to leisure, the biography of Mr. Wu Liu ", succinct Yifeng, elegant the dust, has been for people to the fabled.

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