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记叙文的六要素

来源:中文翻译英文 作者:翻译器 时间:2012-11-01 阅读:

记叙文的六要素
Six elements of narrative
 第一要素是时间,年,月,日,时写清楚.
The first element is the time, year, month, day, write clearly.
  第二要素是地点,要写环境和发生事情的地点。
The second element is the place, to write environment and on-scene.
  第三要素是人物,写事情里的人物。
The third element is a character, to write things in character.
  第四要素是起因,为何发生这件事。
The fourth element is the reason, why it happened.
  第五要素是经过,来龙去脉写清楚;.
Fifth elements is a sequence of events, write clearly;.
  第六要素是结果,交代好结局。
The sixth element is a good account of results, ending.
  大家千万要记住。文章要具体,主题才突出。
We must remember. The article is specific, the theme was prominent only.
记叙顺序
Sequence of events
  顺叙,倒叙,插叙,补叙,分叙。
Narration, flashback, flashback, supplemented, divided clasps.
表达方式
Ways of expression
  叙述,描写,议论,说明,抒情。
Narrative, description, comments, notes, lyrics share.
人物描写
Character description
  外貌,语言,神态,动作和心理描写。
Appearance, look, language, action and psychological description.
环境描写
Environment description
  自然环境和社会环境描写。
The natural environment and the social environment description.
记叙文的写法
Narrative style of writing
  1。时间
1. Time
  2。地点
2. Location
  3。人物
3. Figure
  4。事件与事件背景
4. Event and event background
  5。反映的道理(主题)
5. Reflect the truth ( Theme )
  6。自己在这个事件中的顿悟,体会,感想。
6. In this event in the Epiphany, experience, feel.
  这些都同样重要,如果没有其中一点,就不是记叙文了。
These are equally important, if there is one, is not a narrative.
  常用修辞 
Common rhetoric
  1.比喻 根据事物的相似点,用具体的、浅显、熟知的事物来说明抽象的、深奥的、生疏的事物,即打比方。作用:能将表达的内容说得生动具体形象,给人以鲜明深刻的印象,用浅显常见的事物对深奥生疏事物解说、帮助人深入理解。比喻的三种类型:明喻、暗喻和借喻。 明喻 甲像乙 出现 像、似的、好像、如、宛如、好比、犹如 如: 那小姑娘好像一朵花一样 暗喻 甲是乙 出现 是、成为 如:那又浓又翠的景色,简直就是一幅青山绿水画 借喻 甲代乙 不出现 无 如:地上射起无数的箭头,房顶上落下万千条瀑布。
1 metaphors according to similarities, with specific, simple, familiar to illustrate abstract, esoteric, strange things, namely analogy. Role: to express the content that vivid concrete image, gives the distinct impression, with plain common thing on esoteric interpretation, strange things to help people understand. Analogy in the three types: simile, metaphor and metonymy. Simile a like B appear like, like, like, like, like, like, like like: the little girl like a flower like metaphor a is B is, become such as: thick greenery, simply a green mountains and rivers painting metonymy Jia Daiyi no such as: ground shot up countless arrow, the roof falling thousands of waterfall.

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